Guru Kalangi Nathar
Kalangi Nathar was the guru of Siddhar Bhoganathar or Bogar and a direct disciple of Siddhar Thirumoolar. He is one among the seven disciples whom thirumoolar transcended his knowledge. The other six being -Indran, Soman, Rudhran, Kanduru,Brahman and kanjamalaiyan.
Kalangi Nathar was from Benaras. Kalangi Nathar was an Indian ascetic who had gone to China. Kalangi Nathar belongs to both Nath tradition of Northern India and also the Siddha tradition of Southern India. Kalangi Nathar is associated with Kaanja Malai in South India and later migrated and lived in China and spread the knowledge of yoga and Varma-Kalai (acupuncture) to the Chinese people. In China he is called Confucius. Kalangi Nathar decided to go into Samadhi for a very long time (for about 5000-years), and called Bogar to come to China to continue his mission. According to Chinese tradition, Laozi lived in the 6th century BC, however many historians contend that Laozi actually lived in the 4th century BC, which was the period of Hundred Schools of Thought and Warring States Period, whereas Confucius was born in 551 BCE in Lu, a small state in China and died in 479 BCE (as per Chinese sources). This shows that Confucius was elder to Laozi. Bhoganathar who is called Laozi/Lao Tzu in China, was the successor of Kalangi Nathar (Confucius).
He is often referred to us kanjamalai siddhar. The word "kanjam" stands for the following meaning - gold, copper and Iron and malai means hill. It is said that paranthaka chozha who built sri nataraja temple with golden roof, took the gold from this hill. Also the water falls seen in this hill is called "ponni nadhi".
Bogar used to call him as his father in all his poetic scriptions. Siddhas normally strive very hard for many years to get an indestructible body by taking herbs and special potions. Whereas Kalangi Nathar, proved, that with the 'JYOTI VRUKSHA' one can attain such a body in one single day. He could control wild animals with mantras. A calm person who never exposed himself unnecessarily. His talks had the Vasikara Sakti (Power of enslaving). With his blessing one can become a great orator.
As a Guru to Bogar:
Kalangi Nathar and bogar were considered to possess an ideal master and student relationship. It is said that they had a mutual care among both of them in their own spiritual progresses. Kalangi nathar, especially took more care and strain towards the spiritual advancement of his disciple bogar. Kalangi nathar was behind bogar's every development and his innovations for the world.
Kamalamuni was born on the Tamil month of Vaikasi (May - June), his birth star being 2nd part of Poosam. The siddhar named Kamalamuni belongs to Kuravar caste. He lived for six-eight generations. Sri Kalangi Nadhar belongs to Kannar caste. Many people believe that Sri Kalangi Nathar is siddhar Kamalamuni. In the 63 rd song of " Kamalamuni Suthiram 76 ", a line says that " Kamalamuni alias Kalangi ". Hence it can me true that Sri Kalangi Nathar is siddhar Kamalamuni himself.
The shrine of Kalangi Nathar is found in a small village in Salem, Tamil Nadu. This village is 12 km away from salem city. This place is in via route to Ilampillai. He is supposed to have been attained jeeva samadhi in this place several hundred years ago
Serene Depth- Wholeness
Wholeness We could be in a room filled with all our loved ones and feel lonely or away in the forest or dessert by ourselves and feel whole, complete and blissful- not needing anything from outside to fill us. This is what enlightenment is all about and to even taste it in a small measure enables us to seek this 'wholeness' that is within us. This painting is about the joy and happiness of being One and enjoying each breath, the nature around us and the sustaining powers that enable us to enjoy the wholeness of ourselves even further.
All enlightened beings have this massive aura of peace, harmony and profound stillness and when with nature, all the living, from humans to bees calm down and become serene to absorb these overflowing waves of divine essence. The sages prefer to be away from the glare of fame, attachment, ego and negative vibrations. This Sage basks in His Oneness with nature and each word of His is the bell of wisdom breaking the loud silence of his void blissful thought. To find the destined Master, the search must begin and to find Him, we climb into our depth and within this solitude must seek. Finding Him, He is always there within us in fullness within our meditative depth!
Siddhar Kalanginathar, whom the painting depicts, is in samadhi as Sri Kalahasthi. his name means- The One who wears time as his clothes.
Kalangi Nathar Trip to China
The Great Educator - ConfuciusConfucius (551B.C.—479B.C.), was a great thinker and great educator in China’s history. His thoughts and ideas have influenced the whole history of China and Chinese people. Until today, his thoughts and ideas were well known in China and abroad.
It has been said that Confucius had more than 3,000 students, of them 72 were excellent students who famous at that time. He traveled to 14 countries with his students and wrote Shi, Shu, Li, Yue, Zhou Yi and Chun Qiu. His works are read and studied by millions of students and professors to day. His works were also translated to many languages and learned in different countries.
Confucius temple in China. Confucius was eager to learn when he just was a young boy. Because his family was very poor, he had done many jobs to support himself. For example he was once to be a foodstuff staff and a cowboy.
When he was only 15 years old, he was eager to learn and always to learn from others. He said there will be my teacher when I walked with others.
Confucius books It is his eagerness for knowledge and new things that lead to his great thoughts of his works.His thoughts were valuable in conducting education and government building and the social life. Confucius was a great thinker and philosopher and educator who earned the expectation of most Chinese people
Top 20 Quotes of Confucius
Confucius was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Taiwanese and Vietnamese thought and life. His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. This list looks at some of his greatest quotations – all of which are as applicable to us today as they were when he wrote them in the fourth century BC.
Quotes 1 – 5
1. Everything has its beauty but not everyone sees it.
2. Ignorance is the night of the mind, but a night without moon and star.
3. It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop.
4. Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.
5. What the superior man seeks is in himself; what the small man seeks is in others.
Quotes 6 – 10
6. They must often change who would be constant in happiness or wisdom.
7. I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge; I am one who is fond of antiquity, and earnest in seeking it there.
8. If a man takes no thought about what is distant, he will find sorrow near at hand.
9. Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous.
10. Recompense injury with justice, and recompense kindness with kindness.
Quotes 11 – 15
11. The cautious seldom err.
12. The superior man cannot be known in little matters, but he may be entrusted with great concerns. The small man may not be entrusted with great concerns, but he may be known in little matters.
13. The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions.
14. Things that are done, it is needless to speak about…things that are past, it is needless to blame.
15. Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practices it will have neighbors.
Quotes 16 – 20
16. What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
17. When you know a thing, to hold that you know it; and when you do not know a thing, to allow that you do not know it – this is knowledge.
18. With coarse rice to eat, with water to drink, and my bended arm for a pillow – I have still joy in the midst of these things. Riches and honors acquired by unrighteousness are to me as a floating cloud.
19. Without an acquaintance with the rules of propriety, it is impossible for the character to be established.
20. To go beyond is as wrong as to fall short.
Details As per Chinese History Records:
Confucius literally "Master Kong", (traditionally 28 September 551 BC – 479 BC) was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period. Confucius was born in 551 B.C., in the Spring and Autumn Period, at the beginning of the Hundred Schools of Thought philosophical movement. Confucius was born in or near the city of Qufu, in the Chinese State of Lu (now part of Shandong Province). Early accounts say that he was born into a poor but noble family that had fallen on hard times.
Confucius was from a warrior family. His father Shulianghe had military exploits in two battles and owned a fiefdom. The Records of the Grand Historian , compiled some four centuries later, states that Confucius was born as a result of a yehe, or "illicit union".
His father died when Confucius was three years old, and he was brought up in poverty by his mother. His social ascendancy linked him to the growing class of shì, a class whose status lay between that of the old nobility and the common people, that comprised men who sought social positions on the basis of talents and skills, rather than heredity. As a child, Confucius was said to have enjoyed putting ritual vases on the sacrifice table.
The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. These values gained prominence in China over other doctrines, such as Legalism or Taoism during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – AD 220). Confucius' thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as Confucianism. Confucius' principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong familial loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children (and, according to later interpreters, of husbands by their wives), and the family as a basis for an ideal government. He expressed the well-known principle, "Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself", one of the earlier versions of the Ethic of reciprocity.
2. Death and legacy
Tomb of Confucius in Kong Lin cemetery, Qufu, Shandong Province.
Burdened by the loss of both his son and his favorite disciples, he died at the age of 71 or 72. Confucius was buried in Kong Lin cemetery which lies in the historical part of Qufu. The original tomb erected there in memory of Confucius on the bank of the Sishui River had the shape of an axe. In addition, it has a raised brick platform at the front of the memorial for offerings such as sandalwood incense and fruit.
3. Memorials of Confucius
Soon after Confucius' death, Qufu, his hometown became a place of devotion and remembrance. It is still a major destination for cultural tourism, and many people visit his grave and the surrounding temples. In pan-China cultures, there are many temples where representations of the Buddha, Laozi and Confucius are found together. There are also many temples dedicated to him, which have been used for Confucianist ceremonies.